Автор: Мортимер Р.Г., англ. Mortimer R.G.
This is the third edition of a physical chemistry textbook designed for a two-semester undergraduate physical chemistry course. The physical chemistry course is often the ﬁrst opportunity that a student has to synthesize descriptive, theoretical, and mathematical knowledge about chemistry into a coherent whole. To facilitate this synthesis, the book is constructed about the idea of deﬁning a system, studying the states in which it might be found, and analyzing the processes by which it can change its state.
The book is divided into four parts. The ﬁrst part focuses on the macroscopic properties of physical systems. It begins with the descriptive study of gases and liquids, and proceeds to the study of thermodynamics, which is a comprehensive macroscopic theory of the behavior of material systems. The second part focuses on dynamics, including gas kinetic theory, transport processes, and chemical reaction kinetics. The third part presents quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. The fourth part presents the relationship between molecular and macroscopic properties of systems through the study of statistical mechanics. This theory is applied to the structure of condensed phases. The book is designed so that the ﬁrst three parts can be studied in any order, while the fourth part is designed to be a capstone in which the other parts are integrated into a cohesive whole.
In addition to the standard tables of integrals and numerical values of various properties, the book contains several appendices that expand on discussions in the body of the text, such as more detailed discussions of perturbation theory, group theory, and several mathematical topics. Each chapter begins with a statement of the principal facts and ideas that are presented in the chapter. There is a summary at the end of each chapter to assist in synthesizing the material of each chapter into a coherent whole. There are also marginal notes throughout the chapters that present biographical information and some comments. Each chapter contains examples that illustrate varius kinds of calculations, as well as exercises placed within the chapter. Both these exercises and the problems at the end of each section are designed to provide practice in applying techniques and insights obtained through study of the chapter.
Answers to all of the numerical exercises and to the odd-numbered numerical problems are placed in Appendix K. A solutions manual, with complete solutions to all exercises and all odd-numbered problems, is available from the publisher. An instructor’s manual with solutions to the even-numbered problems is available on-line to instructors. The instructor can choose whether to allow students to have access to the solutions manual, but can assign even-numbered problems when he or she wants the students to work problems without access to solutions.
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